ISIC Code 22 Publishing, printing and reproduction of recorded media
|The ISIC Code 22 is described as|
Publishing, printing and reproduction of recorded media
This division includes printing and publishing whether or nor connected with printing. Publishing involves financial, technical, artistic, legal and marketing activities, among others, but not predominantly. The primary breakdown of this division is by units engaged in publishing, whether or not connected with printing (group 221) versus units engaged in printing only (group 222). The breakdown of publishing activities into classes is based on the type of printed matter or recorded media published.
This division includes units engaged in the publishing of newspapers, magazines, other periodicals, and books. In general, these units, which are known as publishers, issue copies of works for which they usually possess copyright. Works may be in one or more formats including traditional print form and electronic form. Publishers may publish works originally created by others for which they have obtained the rights and/or works that they have created in-house.
The printing activities print products, such as newspapers, books, periodicals, business forms, greeting cards, and other materials, and perform support activities, such as bookbinding, plate-making services, and data imaging. The support activities included here are an integral part of the printing industry, and a product (a printing plate, a bound book, or a computer disk or file) that is an integral part of the printing industry is almost always provided by these operations.
Processes used in printing include a variety of methods for transferring an image from a plate, screen, or computer file to some medium, such as paper, plastics, metal, textile articles, or wood. The most prominent of these methods entails the transfer of the image from a plate or screen to the medium (lithographic, gravure, screen, and flexographic printing). A rapidly growing new technology uses a computer file to directly ''drive'' the printing mechanism to create the image and new electrostatic and other types of equipment (digital or non-impact printing).
Though printing and publishing can be carried out by the same unit (a newspaper, for example), it is less and less the case that these distinct activities are carried out in the same physical location. When publishing and printing are done in the same unit, the unit is classified in group 221 (Publishing) even if the receipts for printing exceed those for publishing.
Units engaged in both online publishing and other publishing are included here, as represented, for example, by a newspaper publisher who also publishes an online version of the newspaper.
This division excludes units engaged exclusively in online publishing, see 7240.
This division excludes publishing of software, see 7221, and the publishing of motion pictures and videotapes, see 9211.
It belongs to the code group
ISIC Code D Manufacturing
To this Code "22" belongs the sub codes
- ISIC Code 221: Publishing
- ISIC Code 222: Printing and service activities related to printing
- ISIC Code 223: Reproduction of recorded media
The equivalent NACE Code (Rev. 1.1) is
|22:|| Herstellung von Verlags- und Druckerzeugnissen, Vervielfältigung von bespielten Ton-, Bild- und Datenträgern - Verlagsgewerbe, Druckgewerbe, Vervielfältigung von bespielten Trägern|
|22:|| Publishing, printing and reproduction of recorded media - Publishing, printing and reproduction of recorded media|
|22:|| Edition; Imprimerie et reproduction de supports enregistrés|
|22:|| Editoria stampa e riproduzione di supporti registrati|
|22:|| Edicion, artes graficas y reproducion de soportes grabados|
|22:|| Uitgeverijen, drukkerijen en reproduktie van opgenomen media|
|22:|| Grafisk industri|
The equivalent NAICS Code (Rev. 2002) is
|323:|| Printing and Related Support Activities|
The equivalent CPC Code (Rev. 1.1) is
Translation of the Code description
|22:|| Publishing, printing and reproduction of recorded media|
| || Édition, imprimerie et reproduction de supports enregistrÉs|
|Alternative Spellings (synonyms):
Media, median, Medias||
||(pageviews / whole Database)
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