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The Top500-Lexicon

The lexicon of the top500 ( The Encyclopedia for Classification Codes ) explains the codes and definitions in the world of economical classifications.

NAICS Code 511 Publishing Industries (except Internet)

The NAICS Code 511 is described as
Publishing Industries (except Internet)
Industries in the Publishing Industries subsector group comprises establishments engaged in the publishing of newspapers, magazines, other periodicals, and books, as well as database and software publishing. In general, these establishments, which are known as publishers, issue copies of works for which they usually possess copyright. Works may be in one or more formats including traditional print form, CD-ROM, or on-line. Publishers may publish works originally created by others for which they have obtained the rights and/or works that they have created in-house. Software publishing is included here because the activity, creation of a copyrighted product and bringing it to market, is equivalent to the creation process for other types of intellectual products.
In NAICS, publishing, the reporting, writing, editing, and other processes that are required to create an edition of a newspaper, is treated as a major economic activity in its own right, rather than as a subsidiary activity to a manufacturing activity, printing. Thus, publishing is classified in the Information sector; whereas, printing remains in the NAICS Manufacturing sector. In part, the NAICS classification reflects the fact that publishing increasingly takes place in establishments that are physically separate from the associated printing establishments. More crucially, the NAICS classification of book and newspaper publishing is intended to portray their roles in a modern economy, in which they do not resemble manufacturing activities.
Music publishers are not included in the Publishing Industries subsector, but are included in the Motion Picture and Sound Recording Industries subsector. Reproduction of prepackaged software is treated in NAICS as a manufacturing activity; on-line distribution of software products is in the Information sector, and custom design of software to client specifications is included in the Professional, Scientific, and Technical Services sector. These distinctions arise because of the different ways that software is created, reproduced, and distributed.
The Information sector does not include products, such as manifold business forms. Information is not the essential component of these items. Establishments producing these items are included in Subsector 323, Printing and Related Support Activities.


It belongs to the code group
NAICS Code 51 Information

To this Code "511" belongs the sub codes
  • NAICS Code 5111: Newspaper, Periodical, Book, and Directory Publishers
    (Newspaper, Periodical, Book, and Directory Publishers)
  • NAICS Code 5112: Software Publishers

The equivalent ISIC Code (Rev. 3.1) is
2211: Publishing of books, brochures, musical books and other publications
  Edition de livres, brochures, oeuvres musicales et autres publications

The nearest NACE Code (Rev. 1.1) is
22.11: Verlegen von Büchern und Musikalien - Buchverlag
22.11: Publishing of books - Publishing of books
22.11: Edition de livres
22.11: Edizione di libri, opuscoli, libri di musica e altre pubblicazioni
22.11: Edicion de libros
22.11: Uitgeverijen van boeken
22.11: Udgivelse af b˘ger, brochurer mv. med/uden eget trykkeri

The equivalent CPC Code (Rev. 1.1) is
xxxx: No Code defined

Translation of the Code description
511: Publishing Industries (except Internet)

Alternative Spellings (synonyms): Industrie, Internets
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