The Top500 Companies in Europe (list overview)


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    Shortcuts in names, their meaning and usual recommended use

You will find here rare information about the shortcuts used in names of persons.
   
Overview  

Shortcuts in names, their meaning and usual recommended use
This overview describes the shortcuts used in Europe for titles and other extensions of person’s name. The base of this list is the top500 database with over 100,000 names of persons in the top management of the biggest companies in Europe. If there is any error in this list, or if you want to add a shortcut please write to us. The typical order of shortcuts in a name is
  1. Responsibility indicator. Used in official letters below the signature of a person leading to his/her name to indicate the grade of binding to the represented organisation. This title may vary depending of the content of the information transferred by the signing person. Be careful using this title for addressing the person. (Example: ppa. can be used. “i.A.” should never be used.)
  2. Gender determining (Example: Mr.)
  3. Job title: Describing the current function of the person or a title honoured to persons who have the according function. (Example: Mayor, Excellence)
  4. Sub title indicating an earlier title connected with a space to the main title (Example: a.D. or ret.)
  5. Academic titles which belongs *) to the person's name (Example: Dr.)
  6. Sub title explaining the main title connected with a hyphen to the main title (Example: Ing.)
  7. Academic titles, which do not belong *) to the person's name (Example: Dipl.)
  8. Sub title explaining the main title connected with a hyphen to the main title (Example: Kfm.)
  9. First name (Two first names are usually connected by a hyphen)
  10. Middle name (usual only the first letter)
  11. Nick name (usual in quotes)
  12. Last Name/Family name (Two Last names are usually connected by a hyphen. Some rare nobly family names consist of several words)
  13. Trailing extensions used mostly to identify a person, when in a special environment/context several persons have the same name. (Example: sen. or jr. or just a Roman number. Example: IV)
  14. Trailing titles (usual separated by a comma). Example: KBE
Unknown titles: Just to make an attempt to have a complete list, we list here also titles, where we have no idea, what these means. Can you help us?
*) May depend on the country's law. The title is part of the name, when the person has the right to change the name in his/her official identity card/passport.
The above parts of a name and their order give no information how to address a person correctly. This depends very much on the local common sense, your relationship to the person and the content of the information you want to transfer. Also it does not mean, that a person should name himself/herself in the same way as he/she wants to be addressed. This is mostly free to the person.

Shortcuts in names, their meaning and usual and recommended use.

Ass.Assessor (academic title) Used in: Austria
Bürgermeistername of the primary job. Used in: Germany, Austria, Switzerland
If a member of the top management has a function, which is not his/her primary job, sometimes the primary job is put to the name.
deancient part of a family name Used in: France
Indicating an old nobly family
DI??? Used in: Austria
Diplom-Ingenieur / Direktor ?
Dipl.Diplom (academic title) Used in: Germany, Austria, Switzerland
academic titles, which is not part of the owner's name
Direktordirector Used in: Germany
Direktorname of the primary job. Used in: Germany, Austria, Switzerland
If a member of the top management has a function, which is not his/her primary job, sometimes the primary job is put to the name.
Dkfm.Diplom-Kaufmann (Academic title) Used in: Austria
Dr.Doctor/Doktor/Dottore (Personal academic title) Used in: Whole Europe
Higher academic title.
Dr.Doctor/Doktor/Dottore (Personal academic title) Used in: Whole Europe
Academic title which is part of the name of the owner.
FrauMiss/Mrs (Gender determining) Used in: Germany, Austria, Switzerland
Miss/Mrs / Female
freiherr vonancient part of a family name Used in: Germany
Indicating an old nobly family
H.Herr (Gender determining) Used in: Germany, Austria, Switzerland
Male
HerrMister / Male (Gender determining) Used in: Germany, Austria, Switzerland
Male
HerrnMister (Gender determining) Used in: Germany, Austria, Switzerland
Male
i.A.im Auftrag (Responsibility indicator) Used in: Germany
"in order of" Acting in someone's order
i.V.in Vertretung (Responsibility indicator) Used in: Germany
"in place of" Acting in the area of own responsibility
Ing.Ingenieur (academic title) Used in: Germany, Austria, Switzerland
jrJunior (trailing person specifier) Used in: The United Kingdom and Ireland
The younger one
junJunior (trailing person specifier) Used in: Germany
The younger one
KBEKnight of the Britisch Empire (trailing title) Used in: United Kingdom
Kommerz.RatKommerzienrat Used in: Austria
Kommerz.RatKommerzienrat Used in: Austria
If a member of the top management has a function, which is not his/her primary job, sometimes the primary job is put to the name.
Konsulname of the primary job. Used in: Germany, Austria, Switzerland
If a member of the top management has a function, which is not his/her primary job, sometimes the primary job is put to the name.
kr.Kommerzienrat Used in: Austria
leancient part of a family name Used in: France
Indicating an old nobly family
M.Monsieur (Gender determining) Used in: France
Male
Mag.Magister Used in: Austria
Mme.Madame (Gender determining) Used in: France
Female
Mr.Mister (Gender determining) Used in: The United Kingdom and Ireland
Male
Ms.Miss/Mrs (Gender determining) Used in: The United Kingdom and Ireland
Female
OberAdditional to the name of the primary job. Used in: Germany, Austria, Switzerland
If a member of the top management has a function, which is not his/her primary job, sometimes the primary job is put to the name.
ofancient part of a family name Used in: The United Kingdom and Ireland
Indicating an old nobly family
Pfr.Pfarrer Used in: Germany
ppa.per Prokura (Responsibility indicator) Used in: Germany
Indicates an official representative of the company
Prof.Professor (Personal academic title) Used in: Whole Europe
Academic title which is part of the name of the owner.
RARechtsanwalt Used in: Germany
senSenior (trailing person specifier) Used in: Germany
The elder One
StbSteuerberater Used in: Germany
vanancient part of a family name Used in: The Netherlands
Indicating an old nobly family
van deancient part of a family name Used in: The Netherlands
Indicating an old nobly family
van denancient part of a family name Used in: The Netherlands
Indicating an old nobly family
van derancient part of a family name Used in: The Netherlands
Indicating an old nobly family
van hetancient part of a family name Used in: The Netherlands
Indicating an old nobly family
vonancient part of a family name Used in: Germany
Indicating an old nobly family
WPWirtschaftsprüfer Used in: Germany
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