A Centrifuge process is an enrichment method that separates gaseous isotopes by rotating them rapidly in a spinning tube, thereby subjecting them to centrifugal force.

To increase the amount of separation in a centrifuge, various techniques are used to induce a vertical 'countercurrent' flow in the gas. Centrifuges are either 'subcritical' or 'supercritical.' A subcritical centrifuge rotor has a length to diameter ratio such that it runs optimally at an angular velocity below the first fundamental flexural critical frequency. At these critical frequencies, the rotational energy of the spinning rigid body is transferred into large displacements from the axis of rotation, breaking the rotor unless mechanical actions are taken to reduce the displacement amplitudes. A supercritical centrifuge operates above the first critical frequency, and avoids damaging effects associated with resonances by mechanical methods such as damping mechanisms and bellows (flexible joints connecting rotor tubes together that act like a spring).


List of books: Centrifuge,process

You have no rights to post comments

Related Articles

Centrifuge ■■■■■■■■■
A Centrifuge is characterized as a rotating vessel for uranium enrichment. The heavier U238 isotopes . . . Read More
Evaporator ■■■■■■■■
An evaporator is a device used to turn the liquid form of a chemical into its gaseous form. The liquid . . . Read More
Pump ■■■■■■■
A pump is a device that moves fluids (liquids or gases), or sometimes slurries, by mechanical action. . . . Read More
Displacement ■■■■■■
In the industrial context, displacement generally refers to the process of moving one material or substance . . . Read More
Percussion ■■■■■■
A percussion instrument is a musical instrument that is sounded by being struck or scraped by a beater . . . Read More
Roller ■■■■■■
In the industrial and industry context, a roller refers to a cylindrical, often elongated, rotating component . . . Read More
Valve ■■■■■■
A valve is a device or natural object that regulates, directs or controls the flow of a fluid (gases, . . . Read More
Reactor ■■■■■
A reactor is a device used in industrial processes to create or control chemical reactions. Here are . . . Read More
Formulation ■■■■■
In the industrial context, formulation refers to the process of creating or developing a precise mixture, . . . Read More
Heater ■■■■■
HVAC (heating, ventilating, and air conditioningalso heating, ventilation, and air conditioning) is the . . . Read More