Deutsch: Turbine / Español: Turbina / Português: Turbina / Français: Turbine / Italiano: Turbina
A turbine is a rotary mechanical device that extracts energy from a fluid flow and converts it into useful work. A turbine is a turbomachine with at least one moving part called a rotor assembly, which is a shaft or drum with blades attached. Moving fluid acts on the blades so that they move and impart rotational energy to the rotor. Early turbine examples are windmills and waterwheels.
In the industrial context, a turbine is a machine that is used to extract energy from a fluid flow and convert it into useful work. Turbines are commonly used in power generation, aviation, marine, and industrial processes. Here are some examples of turbines and their applications:
- Steam turbine - used in power plants to generate electricity
- Gas turbine - used in aircraft engines and power generation
- Wind turbine - used to generate electricity from wind power
- Hydroelectric turbine - used in hydroelectric power plants to generate electricity from water flow
- Gas turbine generator - used in power generation to provide backup power in case of power outages
- Turbopump - used in rocket engines to pump propellants into the combustion chamber
- Steam turbine generator - used in power plants to generate electricity
Similar things to turbines include:
- Engines - devices that convert energy into useful work
- Compressors - machines that compress air or gas
- Pumps - devices that move fluids or gases by mechanical action
- Fans - machines that create airflow for ventilation or cooling purposes
- Blowers - machines that move gas or air at moderate pressures.