Deutsch: Pumpe / Español: Bomba hidráulica / Português: Bomba hidráulica / Français: Pompe / Italiano: Pompa
A pump is a device that moves fluids (liquids or gases), or sometimes slurries, by mechanical action. Pumps can be classified into three major groups according to the method they use to move the fluid: direct lift, displacement, and gravity pumps.
In an industrial or industry context, a "pump" is a mechanical device used to move liquids, gases, or other substances from one place to another. Pumps are used in a wide variety of industries and applications, including water supply, irrigation, oil and gas, chemical processing, power generation, and many others. Examples of pumps used in different industries include:
- Water supply: A centrifugal pump is used to pump water from a well or treatment plant to a municipal water supply system.
- Oil and gas industry: A positive displacement pump is used to pump oil or natural gas from a well to a storage facility or pipeline.
- Chemical processing: A centrifugal pump is used to pump chemicals through a processing plant.
- Power generation: A boiler feed pump is used to pump water into a boiler to generate steam for power generation.
- Agriculture: A centrifugal pump is used to pump water for irrigation.
- Pharmaceutical industry: A sanitary pump is used to pump clean, sterile liquids in a pharmaceutical manufacturing process.
- Automotive industry: A fuel pump is used to pump gasoline or diesel fuel from the fuel tank to the engine.
Some pumps are also used to move gaseous substance such as Air, Nitrogen, and other gases.
Pumps can be powered by electric motors, internal combustion engines, or other power sources, and can be either positive displacement pumps or centrifugal pumps.