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Conveyance in the industrial context refers to the process or system of transporting materials, goods, or products from one location to another within a manufacturing or distribution facility. This term is essential for understanding how items are moved efficiently and effectively through various stages of production and supply chains.


In industry, conveyance systems are crucial for the internal logistics of a manufacturing plant or distribution center. These systems can range from simple conveyor belts to sophisticated automated and robotic transport systems that integrate with other manufacturing processes. The primary goal of conveyance is to optimize the flow of materials to reduce handling time, increase productivity, and decrease production costs.

Application Areas

Conveyance is used extensively in several key areas within industrial operations:

  • Manufacturing: Moving raw materials to production lines, transporting intermediate products between process steps, and delivering final products to packaging areas.
  • Warehousing and Distribution: Automated conveyor systems are used to transport goods throughout a facility, from storage areas to loading docks.
  • Food and Beverage Industry: Conveyance systems ensure that food products are moved through various processing stages in a hygienic, efficient, and controlled manner.
  • Pharmaceuticals: Secure and sterile conveyance systems are critical for maintaining the integrity of pharmaceutical products as they are processed and packaged.

Well-Known Examples

Examples of conveyance systems include:

  • Conveyor Belts: Used in a variety of industries from mining to food processing to move materials along a continuous platform.
  • Pneumatic Conveyors: Use a flow of air to move materials through tubes, especially useful for fine or granular materials like powders in the chemical or food industries.
  • Automated Guided Vehicles (AGVs): These are mobile robots used primarily in industrial settings to transport heavy materials around a large industrial facility.

Treatment and Risks

Managing conveyance systems involves several considerations:

  • Maintenance: Regular maintenance is crucial to prevent breakdowns and ensure smooth operation.
  • Safety: Proper safety protocols must be enforced to prevent accidents associated with mechanical conveyance systems.
  • Efficiency: Optimization of conveyance routes and speeds to maximize productivity and reduce costs.

Similar Terms

  • Transportation: While transportation can refer to external or long-distance movement of goods, conveyance typically refers to internal or on-site movement.
  • Logistics: Conveyance is a component of the broader field of logistics, which also includes inventory management, order fulfillment, and shipping.



In the industrial or industry context, conveyance plays a vital role in the internal logistics of manufacturing and distribution processes. It involves the use of various systems to transport materials and products efficiently within facilities, supporting overall operational efficiency and productivity.


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