Deutsch: Bergbau / Español: Minería / Português: Mineração / Français: Exploitation minière / Italiano: Estrazione mineraria /

Mining refers to the science, technique, and business of mineral discovery and exploitation. Strictly, the word connotes underground work directed to severance and treatment of ore or associated rock.

Practically, it includes opencast work, quarrying, alluvial dredging, and combined operations, including surface and underground attack and ore treatment.


Image demonstrating Mining in the industrial,industry context

Mining is the process of extracting valuable minerals or other geological materials from the earth. This industry plays a crucial role in supplying raw materials for various sectors such as construction, manufacturing, and energy production. The process involves drilling, blasting, and transporting the materials to the surface for processing. Mining operations can vary in scale from small-scale artisanal mining to large-scale industrial mining. Environmental impact and sustainability are important considerations in modern mining practices. Safety regulations and technological advancements have improved the efficiency and safety of mining operations in recent years.

Application Areas

  • Construction industry
  • Manufacturing sector
  • Energy production
  • Metal production
  • Chemical industry

Treatment and Risks

  • Risks of accidents and injuries to workers
  • Exposure to harmful chemicals and dust
  • Respiratory illnesses from poor ventilation
  • Noise-induced hearing loss
  • Treatment includes medical care for injuries and illnesses, as well as safety training for workers


  • Coal mining
  • Gold mining
  • Diamond mining
  • Iron ore mining
  • Salt mining

Similar Concepts and Synonyms

  • Extraction
  • Quarrying
  • Digging
  • Excavation
  • Mining industry



Mining is the process of extracting valuable minerals from the earth for various industries. It involves drilling, blasting, and processing to obtain the desired materials. Safety regulations and environmental concerns are important factors in modern mining practices.


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