Lubrication is the process or technique of using a lubricant to reduce friction and wear and tear in a contact between two surfaces. The study of lubrication is a discipline in the field of tribology.
In the industrial context, "lubrication" refers to the process of applying a lubricant to machinery, equipment, or systems to reduce friction and wear between moving parts. Proper lubrication is essential for the efficient and safe operation of industrial machinery. Here are some examples of how lubrication is used in industry:
Machinery lubrication: Machinery such as pumps, motors, gears, and bearings require regular lubrication to prevent damage from friction and wear. Different types of lubricants are used depending on the application and operating conditions.
Conveyor lubrication: Conveyors that transport materials require lubrication to prevent damage to the system and improve efficiency. Lubricants are typically applied to the chain or belt to reduce friction and extend the life of the system.
Hydraulic lubrication: Hydraulic systems rely on a lubricating fluid to transfer power between components. This fluid also acts as a coolant and helps to prevent corrosion and contamination in the system.
Gearbox lubrication: Gearboxes are used in many industrial applications, and proper lubrication is essential to prevent damage to the gears and other components. Different types of lubricants are used depending on the type of gearbox and operating conditions.
Similar things to lubrication in the industrial context include other methods of reducing friction and wear between moving parts, such as the use of coatings, bearings, and bushings. Proper lubrication is an essential part of industrial maintenance and helps to extend the life of equipment and reduce downtime.