Sow refers to a term use after a female has borne a litter.

Ref: 86480/2006-09-14

In the industrial or business context, "sow" refers to a female pig that has given birth to at least one litter of piglets. Sows are the primary reproductive animals in the pork industry and are typically housed in large groups in specialized facilities called sow farms.

Examples of sow in an industrial context include:

  • A sow farm raising large numbers of sows to produce piglets for sale or for use in the production of pork.
  • A sow management program aimed at maximizing the productivity and health of sows in a breeding herd.
  • A sow nutrition program designed to ensure that sows receive an adequate and balanced diet during gestation and lactation.
  • A sow welfare program aimed at improving the conditions and treatment of sows in the pork industry.


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