Deutsch: Art / Español: Especie / Português: Espêcie / Français: Espèce / Italiano: Specie
In biology, a species (plural: species) is one of the basic units of biological classification and a taxonomic rank. A species is often defined as a group of organisms capable of interbreeding and producing fertile offspring.
In an industrial or industry context, "species" typically refers to a specific type of organism or microorganism that is used in a specific process or application. Examples of species used in different industries include:
- Biotechnology: Microorganism species such as E. coli, yeast, and algae are used to produce biofuels, antibiotics, and other products.
- Agriculture: Plant species such as corn, soybeans, and wheat are grown for food, feed, and biofuel production.
- Pharmaceutical industry: Microorganism species such as Streptomyces, Penicillium and Aspergillus are used to produce antibiotics and other drugs.
- Bioremediation: Microorganism species such as Dehalococcoides and Pseudomonas are used to clean up contaminated soils and water.
- Aquaculture: Fish species such as salmon, tilapia, and shrimp are raised for food production.
- Bioprocessing: Enzyme species such as cellulases, lipases and proteases are used in the production of biofuels, and various industrial enzymes.
Industrial species are used in various applications like enzymatic reactions, fermentation, and bioprocessing. The use of industrial species can lead to environmental and health benefits, but also may raise ethical concerns and impact on biodiversity.