Deutsch: Feldfrucht / Español: Producto agrícola / Français: Culture (agriculture)
A crop is a volunteered or cultivated plant (any plant) whose product is harvested by a human at some point of its growth stage. Plants which have not been cultivated but whose product are harvested, are not really classified as crops.
In an industrial or industry context, "crop" refers to a type of plant that is grown and harvested on a commercial scale for its agricultural products, such as food, fiber, or fuel. Crops can be grown in fields, orchards, or greenhouses, and are a key source of raw materials for many industries.
Some examples of crops used in industry include:
- Grains - such as wheat, corn, and rice, used as ingredients in food products, animal feed, and biofuels.
- Oilseeds - such as soybeans, rapeseed, and sunflowers, used to produce oils and meal for food and industrial use.
- Fibers - such as cotton, flax, and hemp, used to produce textiles, paper, and other products.
- Fruits and vegetables - used as ingredients in food and beverage products, as well as for production of natural dyes and flavors.
- Bioenergy crops - such as switchgrass and willow, grown for use as a renewable source of energy.
Crops play a critical role in the global food and agriculture system and are essential for meeting the demands of growing populations and industries. The cultivation and management of crops is a complex and dynamic process that involves a range of factors, including weather, soil conditions, and market demand.