Deutsch: Computerized Numerical Control / Español: Control numêrico / Português: Comando numêrico computadorizado / Français: Machine-outil à commande numêrique / Italiano: Computer numerical control
Numerical control (NC) is the automation of machine tools that are operated by precisely programmed commands encoded on a storage medium, as opposed to controlled manually via hand wheels or levers, or mechanically automated via cams alone. Most NC today is computer (or computerized) numerical control (CNC), in which computers play an integral part of the control.
CNC stands for Computerized Numerical Control. In the industrial/industry context, CNC refers to a method of controlling industrial machines, such as lathes, mills, routers, and grinders, using a computer program. The CNC system can precisely control the movement and operation of the machine to produce complex and accurate parts. Here are some examples of CNC applications in different industries:
Manufacturing Industry: CNC machines are widely used in the manufacturing industry to produce various parts and components for different products. CNC lathes, mills, and routers can be programmed to perform different operations, such as drilling, cutting, and shaping, with high precision and accuracy.
Aerospace Industry: CNC machines are used extensively in the aerospace industry to produce complex and critical components, such as turbine blades, engine parts, and aircraft structures. CNC technology allows for precise control of the manufacturing process, which is essential for meeting the stringent requirements of the industry.
Automotive Industry: The automotive industry relies heavily on CNC machines to produce different parts and components for vehicles. CNC technology allows for faster and more efficient production of parts, resulting in lower costs and improved quality.
Medical Industry: CNC machines are used in the medical industry to produce various parts and components for medical devices and equipment, such as implants and surgical tools. CNC technology allows for the production of highly complex and precise parts, which is essential for ensuring the safety and effectiveness of medical devices.
Architecture Industry: CNC machines are also used in the architecture industry to produce complex and intricate designs for buildings and structures. CNC routers can be programmed to produce different patterns, shapes, and textures on various materials, such as wood, stone, and metal.
Overall, CNC technology has become an integral part of many different industries, as it allows for precise and efficient manufacturing of parts and components.