Deutsch: Mikrofon / Español: Micrófono / Português: Microfone / Français: Microphone / Italiano: Microfono
A microphone (colloquially called a mic or mike) is an acoustic-to-electric transducer or sensor that converts sound in air into an electrical signal. Microphones are used in many applications such as telephones, tape recorders, karaoke systems, hearing aids, motion picture production, live and recorded audio engineering, FRS radios, megaphones, in radio and television broadcasting and in computers for recording voice, speech recognition, VoIP, and for non-acoustic purposes such as ultrasonic checking or knock sensors.
In the industrial and business context, a "microphone" is an acoustic-to-electric transducer that converts sound waves into an electrical signal. Microphones are used in a wide range of applications, from live performances and broadcasting to recording studios and conferencing systems. Here are some examples of the use of microphones in different industries:
- Music industry: Microphones are used to capture live performances and record music in studios. Different types of microphones are used for different instruments and vocal styles, and high-end microphones can cost thousands of dollars.
- Broadcasting: Microphones are essential for radio and television broadcasting, allowing hosts, guests, and reporters to be heard clearly by audiences.
- Conferencing: Microphones are used in conference rooms and video conferencing systems to allow multiple participants to communicate effectively.
- Security: Microphones can be used in security systems to capture audio evidence of incidents or to enable two-way communication between security personnel and other parties.
Other similar terms used in the context of audio and communication technology are:
- Sound systems
- Voice recognition technology
- Video cameras
- Audio mixers
- PA systems
- Intercom systems