Deutsch: Hydraulik / Español: Hidráulica / Português: Hidráulica / Français: Hydraulique / Italiano: Idraulica

Hydraulics (hydraulic) is a topic in applied science and engineering dealing with the mechanical properties of liquids. At a very basic level hydraulics is the liquid version of pneumatics. Fluid mechanics provides the theoretical foundation for hydraulics, which focuses on the engineering uses of fluid properties.

In an industrial and manufacturing context, "hydraulic" refers to systems and components that use fluid pressure to generate power and control movement. Hydraulic systems consist of pumps, valves, cylinders, and other components that work together to transmit force and motion through the use of pressurized liquids, usually oil. Some examples of hydraulic systems and applications in industrial and manufacturing industries include:

  1. Hydraulic presses - Machines that use hydraulic systems to generate large amounts of force to shape metal, plastic, and other materials.

  2. Hydraulic lifts - Elevating platforms or jacks that use hydraulic systems to raise and lower heavy loads, such as vehicles and heavy equipment.

  3. Hydraulic excavators - Heavy equipment that use hydraulic systems to control the movement of digging arms, booms, and buckets.

  4. Hydraulic cranes - Cranes that use hydraulic systems to lift and move heavy loads, such as steel beams and shipping containers.

  5. Hydraulic power units - Standalone systems that generate hydraulic power to operate other hydraulic components, such as cylinders and motors.

  6. Hydraulic actuators - Components that use hydraulic pressure to generate linear or rotary motion, such as hydraulic cylinders, motors, and pumps.

  7. Hydraulic pumps - Components that generate hydraulic pressure by converting mechanical energy into fluid pressure, such as gear pumps, vane pumps, and piston pumps.

  8. Hydraulic valves - Components that control the flow of fluid within a hydraulic system, such as directional control valves, pressure control valves, and flow control valves.

Hydraulic systems are widely used in various industrial and manufacturing applications due to their high power density, reliability, and ability to generate large amounts of force with small inputs of energy.

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