Deutsch: Gartenbau / Español: Horticultura / Português: Horticultura / Français: Horticulture / Italiano: Orticoltura

Horticulture in the industrial context refers to the branch of agriculture that deals with the art, science, technology, and business of plant cultivation. It includes the cultivation of fruits, vegetables, nuts, seeds, herbs, sprouts, mushrooms, algae, flowers, seaweeds, and non-food crops such as grass and ornamental trees and plants.


Horticulture focuses on the small-scale and intensive production of plants for food and ornamental purposes. Unlike broader field crops, horticultural crops are often cultivated in controlled environments such as greenhouses and plant nurseries, or in managed landscapes, and require more intensive labor and cultivation techniques. This field combines aspects of botany, environmental science, chemistry, and biology to improve plant growth, yields, quality, nutritional value, and resistance to insects, diseases, and environmental stresses.

Application Areas

Horticulture serves several key functions and is involved in various industries:

  • Food Production: Involving the cultivation of vegetables, fruits, nuts, and herbs that are staples in diets worldwide.
  • Landscaping: Designing, installing, and maintaining private and public gardens and landscapes.
  • Floriculture: The production and marketing of floral products.
  • Arboriculture: Focused on the care and management of trees and shrubs.
  • Plant Nursery Operations: Involves propagation and cultivation of plants for gardening and landscaping.

Well-Known Examples

  • Commercial Greenhouses: These facilities produce high volumes of flowers, vegetables, and ornamental plants under controlled environmental conditions.
  • Landscape Architecture Firms: Use horticultural skills to plan and execute garden and landscape designs.
  • Botanical Gardens: Often serve both public educational purposes and research into plant species and cultivation techniques.

Treatment and Risks

Effective management in horticulture involves:

  • Pest and Disease Control: Implementing integrated pest management strategies to minimize damage and ensure healthy plant growth.
  • Nutrient Management: Ensuring that plants receive the right amount of nutrients for optimal growth using various fertilization methods.
  • Water Management: Using techniques such as drip irrigation and moisture sensors to efficiently use water resources.
  • Climate Control in Greenhouses: Employing advanced HVAC systems to create ideal growing conditions year-round.

Similar Terms

  • Agriculture: While horticulture is a category within agriculture, it is more specifically focused on smaller scale and more diverse plant cultivation.
  • Botany: A field of biology that studies all aspects of plant life, underlying much of horticultural science.



In the industrial or industry context, horticulture involves the intensive and varied cultivation of plants for food, ornamental, and environmental purposes. It combines elements of science and technology with the art of gardening to produce a wide range of plant products efficiently and sustainably.


You have no rights to post comments