Deutsch: Organisation / Español: Organización  / Português: Organização  / Français: Organisation / Italiano: Organizzazione 
An organization (or organisation) is a social entity that has a collective goal and is linked to an external environment. The word is derived from the Greek word organon, itself derived from the better-known word ergon which means organ a compartment for a particular task.

In the industrial and manufacturing context, "organization" refers to the way in which a company or facility is structured and managed to achieve its goals and objectives. This can include the division of labor, the delegation of responsibilities, and the establishment of procedures and protocols.

Examples of organizational structures in the industrial and manufacturing industry include:

  • Functional structure: where employees are grouped by function, such as production, marketing, or engineering.
  • Divisional structure: where employees are grouped by product or service line, such as automotive, aerospace, or consumer goods.
  • Matrix structure: where employees are grouped by both function and product line, allowing for flexibility and cross-functional collaboration.
  • Lean organization: where the focus is on efficiency and waste reduction, and the employees are empowered to make decisions and improvements.
  • Continuous improvement organization: where the focus is on making small incremental improvements to the process and product over time.

It's also worth noting that these structures can be combined with other types of management systems, such as Total Quality Management (TQM), Six Sigma, and Lean Six Sigma, to achieve the desired results.

 

 

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