Deutsch: Benzaldehyd / Español: Benzaldehído / Português: Benzaldeído / Français: Benzaldêhyde / Italiano: Benzaldeide

Benzaldehyde is a versatile aromatic aldehyde that finds numerous applications in the chemical and industrial sectors. This article explores the role of benzaldehyde, its many examples of use, associated risks, application areas, and offers recommendations for safe handling. Additionally, it provides insights into the history and legal considerations surrounding benzaldehyde and highlights related compounds.

Definition and Key Concepts:

Benzaldehyde is an organic compound with the chemical formula C7H6O. It is characterized by its almond-like odor and is naturally found in essential oils like almond oil and cherry pits. Benzaldehyde is a key aromatic aldehyde used in various industrial processes and applications.

Examples of Benzaldehyde Use:

  1. Flavor and Fragrance Industry: Benzaldehyde is widely used to create artificial almond and cherry flavors in food products, beverages, and perfumes.

  2. Pharmaceuticals: It serves as a precursor in the synthesis of pharmaceuticals and agrochemicals.

  3. Chemical Manufacturing: Benzaldehyde is employed in the production of various chemicals, including dyes, plasticizers, and perfumes.

Risks Associated with Benzaldehyde:

  1. Irritation: Benzaldehyde can be irritating to the skin, eyes, and respiratory tract, necessitating proper personal protective equipment (PPE) when handling.

  2. Flammability: It is a flammable substance, and precautions must be taken to prevent fire hazards.

  3. Health Hazards: Prolonged exposure or ingestion of benzaldehyde can lead to adverse health effects, such as headaches and nausea.

Application Areas of Benzaldehyde:

  1. Food and Beverage Industry: Benzaldehyde imparts almond and cherry flavors to various food and beverage products.

  2. Perfumery: It is a crucial component in the creation of perfumes, providing pleasant and lasting scents.

  3. Chemical Synthesis: Benzaldehyde serves as a starting material in the synthesis of numerous chemicals, including dyes and plastics.

Recommendations for Safe Handling:

  1. Ventilation: Ensure proper ventilation in areas where benzaldehyde is handled to minimize inhalation exposure.

  2. Protective Gear: Wear appropriate PPE, including gloves, safety goggles, and lab coats, when working with benzaldehyde.

  3. Storage: Store benzaldehyde in a cool, dry place away from direct sunlight and incompatible materials.

Historical and Legal Aspects:

Benzaldehyde has a history dating back to the 19th century when it was first synthesized. Over the years, it has gained significant importance in various industries. Legal aspects typically pertain to regulations on its safe handling, storage, and use in food and fragrance products.

Similar Compounds:

  1. Benzyl Alcohol: Another aromatic compound often used as a solvent and preservative in various industries.

  2. Anisaldehyde: Similar to benzaldehyde, it is used in perfumery and flavoring.


Benzaldehyde is a versatile aromatic aldehyde with a distinct almond-like odor, making it valuable in the food, fragrance, and chemical industries. Its applications range from imparting flavors and scents to chemical synthesis. However, proper safety measures, including PPE and ventilation, must be observed when handling benzaldehyde to mitigate associated risks. Understanding its historical significance and legal considerations is crucial for responsible use in industrial processes.

See also:
"Benzaldehyde" is in the HS Code "2912.21"
- -- Benzaldehyde

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