Deutsch: Flüssigkeitsverkokung / Español: Coquización fluida / Português: Coque fluido / Français: Cokéfaction fluide / Italiano: Coquizione fluida /

Fluid coking describes a thermal cracking process utilizing the fluidized-solids technique to remove carbon (coke) for continuous conversion of heavy, low-grade oils into lighter products.

Description

Fluid coking is a thermal cracking process used in the petroleum industry to upgrade heavy oil residues into lighter and more valuable products. This process involves heating the feed oil to high temperatures in the presence of a fluidizing gas and catalysts, allowing the heavy hydrocarbons to break down into lighter molecules. The fluid coking unit consists of a reactor, regenerator, and flue gas system to facilitate the conversion of heavy oil into valuable products like gasoline, diesel, and petrochemical feedstocks. This process is more efficient compared to traditional coking methods and produces a higher yield of valuable products.

Application Areas

Treatment and Risks

Examples

  • Fluid coking units in oil refineries for processing heavy oil residues.
  • Fluid coking systems in petrochemical plants for upgrading hydrocarbons into valuable products.

Summary

Fluid coking is a thermal cracking process used in the petroleum industry to upgrade heavy oil residues into lighter and more valuable products. It involves heating the feed oil to high temperatures in the presence of a fluidizing gas and catalysts. The process is efficient, produces higher yields of valuable products, and is commonly used in refineries, petrochemical plants, and chemical processing facilities.

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