Cargo (or freight) is goods or produce transported, generally for commercial gain, by ship or aircraft, although the term is now extended to intermodal train, van or truck. In modern times, containers are used in most long-haul cargo transport.
In the industrial or industry context, "freight" refers to goods and materials that are transported from one location to another, typically by truck, train, or ship. Some examples of freight include:
- Raw Materials: such as coal, iron ore, and crude oil, which are transported to manufacturing plants for processing
- Finished Products: such as cars, electronics, and consumer goods, which are transported to retailers and distributors for sale
- Food and Agriculture Products: such as fruits, vegetables, and livestock, which are transported to markets and processors
- Hazardous Materials: such as chemicals, fuels, and explosives, which require special handling and transportation due to their potential danger
- Construction Equipment: such as bulldozers, cranes, and excavators, which are transported to and from construction sites
- Waste and Recyclables: such as garbage, scrap metal, and paper, which are transported to landfills or recycling facilities.